February 20, 2020
The project leads to emission reductions through reduced combustion of wood and kerosene, avoiding methane emissions from the utilization of livestock manure and reduced deforestation and pressure on endangered forest areas.
In the Kolar district of India, firewood and kerosene are the main fuels used for cooking. The project replaces inefficient fireplaces with efficient stoves that are heated with biogas produced with locally available waste, such as cow dung. The project covers 9,000 households in the district and aims to install small-scale biogas plants for each household, adapted to the number of people in the household and the type and number of livestock. Only women have the right to buy and own a biogas plant. This helps to balance the of power in the family and strengthen the position of women.
Additional social and economic benefits include: reduced health risks from smoke-filled indoor spaces and saving time as you no longer have to look for firewood for heating and cooking. The remaining residual product is an excellent fertilizer for depleted soils. It can also prevent agriculture from becoming dependent on chemical fertilizers. So far, the biogas systems have produced 142,283 tonnes of organic fertilizer and thus reduced the need for 2,031 tonnes of chemical fertilizer.