November 14, 2019
The Bujang Raba project aims to, together with five communities, protect 5336 ha of forest. In 2013, these communities were granted legally recognized rights by the Indonesian government. Protection of the area is estimated to preserve 630,000 tonnes of carbon during 10 years (2014-2023).
Sumatra is the island in Indonesia that is worst hit by large-scale oil palm plantations. People have suffered and human rights violations and child labor are well documented. The microclimate has also changed and the area has become drier and hotter. This affects the native flora and fauna as well as the people living here.
Payments from carbon offsetting are used to maintain their forest and to improve the standard of living of the five communities. One example of this is switching to sustainable food production with agroforestry systems. The systems include rubber trees, coffee and cinnamon. There is an abundance of fantastic fruit trees with Durian, Rambutan and Mangosteen. The forest also provides people and animals with important ecosystem services such as clean water, clean air, access to firewood and recreation. The forest in Bujang Raba is also home to the Sumatra tiger, the Malaysian bear, tapirs and rhino birds.
Revenue from ecosystem services is a significant source of income, delivered and administered through the project organization. A number of activities have also been initiated to diversify the income of participating communities by introducing valuable crops such as cardamom, cocoa and other forest products that can be integrated into smaller crops. Participating communities have also come together and formed a sustainability forum, the Communication Forum of Bujang Raba Village Forest Agency.